The Master said, “In ancient times scholars learned for their own sake; these days they learn for the sake of others.”Confucius, & Slingerland, E. (2003). Analects: With selections from traditional commentaries. Hackett Publishing.
The Master said, Formerly people studied to improve themselves; now they do so to impress others.Confucius, & Watson, B. (2007). The Analects of Confucius. Columbia University Press.