Analects 3.4

Original Text:



Other Translations:

Lin Fang asked about the roots of ritual.

The Master exclaimed, “What a noble question! When it comes to ritual, it is better to be pare than extravagant. When it comes to mourning, it is better to be excessively sorrowful than fastidious.”

Confucius, & Slingerland, E. (2003). Analects: With selections from traditional commentaries. Hackett Publishing.

Lin Fang asked what is basic in ritual. The Master said, A big question indeed! In rites in general, rather than extravagance, better frugality. In funeral rites, rather than thoroughness, better real grief.”

Confucius, & Watson, B. (2007). The Analects of Confucius. Columbia University Press.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *