Analects 3.19

Original Text:



Other Translations:

Duke Ding asked, “How should a lord employ his ministers? How should a minister serve his lord?”

Confucius replied, “A lord should employ his minsters with ritual, and ministers should serve their lord with dutifulness.”

Confucius, & Slingerland, E. (2003). Analects: With selections from traditional commentaries. Hackett Publishing.

Duke Ding asked how the ruler should treat his ministers and how the ministers should serve the ruler. Confucius replied, The ruler should treat his ministers in accordance with ritual. The minsters should serve the ruler with loyalty.

Confucius, & Watson, B. (2007). The Analects of Confucius. Columbia University Press.

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